Hi, I'm Ryan, founder of ketosupplementsNZ.co.nz
Professor Grant SchofieldProfessor Schofield was kind enough to give me some of his time to chat with him about the low carb, healthy fat lifestyle. Professor Schofield is –
- Professor of public health at Auckland university of technology (AUT)
- Director of the human potential center at AUT
- Co-author of the books, “What the fat?” and “What the fast”
Can you explain ketosis?
- The body usually uses glucose from carbohydrates as fuel
- In the absence of carbohydrate, the body produces ketones which are a secondary fuel source.
- Using ketones for fuel creates less oxidative stress in the body than glucose
Are low carb/keto fad diets?
- No! Ketosis is a natural process which hypothetically came about to see us through times of scarcity as it offers us the ability to tap into fat reserves.
- “If anything is a fad it’s the current nutrition guidelines”
- The difference between keto and other diets is the science behind it. whether that is for weight loss, metabolic conditions and even neurological conditions.
What does low carb look like day to day?Key points-
- Severely restricted carbohydrate intake for a few weeks to a month initially.
- After this adaptation period, fat adaptation has occurred, leaving you able to experiment with how much carbohydrate you actually need, depending on activity level.
- There is no one size fits all low carb diet that works for everyone, many factors are involved.
How can someone get started?
- Get rid of all the junk from your kitchen, this will make it easier on your will power!
- Check out Professor Grant’s books, what the fat and what the fast
- If you don’t have time to read the whole books, Professor Grant also has a short version called 10 rules of what the fat.
Can you do low carb as a vegetarian?
- Yes you can!
- Pay more attention to the amount and type of fat you’re eating.
- If you are open to eating eggs, fish or dairy, it would make things easier
Isn’t saturated fat bad?
- Its’ not necessary to exclude fats such as butter and fat from animals from the diet from a health point of view (for most healthy people).
- An insulin sensitive individual, would have a dampened insulin response from eating fat with carbohydrate. Whereas the opposite is true of an insulin resistant person.
- A bigger culprit in conditions such as atherosclerosis are sugar, refined processed food and stress.
How can supplementation help?
- Ketones (exogenous) are an interesting area of research for athletes.
- Curcumin is widely studied for its benefits
- Other supplements may be beneficial for deficiencies
What are exogenous ketones?
Shouldn’t endurance athletes carb load?
- Heavy carb consumption has been the norm for most athletes in endurance sports such as triathlon.
- Those at the top have actually been practicing low carb for decades!
- More athletes are realising the benefit of being fat adapted, but the majority still heavily rely on carbs!
Low carb as an intervention for disease and mental health
- Diet has played a major role for epilepsy and diabetes since the 1920’s.
- Hyper insulin secretion is not the only cause, but the primary cause for the obesity epidemic.
- There may be a connection between brain inflammation and poor mental health, for which ketones may be found to be a therapeutic intervention.
What are some factors contributing to all the chronic disease we see nowadays?
- High amounts of glucose in the blood are damaging. Glucose molecules attach themselves to protein molecules and lipids cause damage through the process of glycation throughout the body.
- The process of glycation is the primary cause of chronic disease.
- The way to avoid glycation is to avoid glucose (sugar, simple carbs!) and get your energy from fat. Using fat for energy won’t make you fat or sick, high glucose consumption will.
What are health coaches and what role might they play in the future?
- Health coaches are people who have been on the journey (weight loss, learning healthy habits etc).
There has been a lot of talk about fasting in health and fitness recently, what is all the fuss about?
- Most people misunderstand what fasting really is.
- Fasting initiates the process of autophagy, which is the bodies way of clearing out old cells. It may also benefit metabolic health and immune function and has been used as a medical intervention.
- Fasting should not be taken lightly, there are dangers to be aware of. Check out Professor Schofields’s book what the fast for more info on fasting
What are you working on?
- Interesting work with athletes coming down the pipeline.
- Working on “Precure” social enterprise which aims to get health coaches out into the community.
- Pushing education on the effects of sugar consumption and rotten teeth for kids. And also introducing adults with diabetes to low carb diets.